Bharat Dynamics Ltd.
You can view the entire text of Accounting Policy of the company for the latest year.
ISIN No INE171Z01018 52Wk High (Rs.) 425 BV (Rs.) 106.74 FV (Rs.) 10.00
Bookclosure 27/03/2019 52Wk Low (Rs.) 225 EPS (Rs.) 28.82 P/E (X) 10.20
Mkt Cap. (Rs. Cr.) 5,384.80 P/BV (X) 2.75 Div Yield (%) 2.48 Mkt Lot 1
2018-03

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.1 Compliance with Ind AS:

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) rules, 2015], as amended from time to time and other relevant provisions of the Act.

1.2 Historical cost convention:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost basis, except for the following:

certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) and contingent consideration that is measured at fair value;

defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value

1.3 Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India requires management, where necessary, to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities,disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised.

2. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

2.1 Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates (‘the functional currency’). The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR), which is Bharat Dynamics Limited’s functional and presentation currency.

2.2 Transactions and Balances

i) Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are recognized in profit and loss.

ii) Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss.

iii) Liability for deferred payments (and receivable from Indian army and ordnance factory) including interest thereon, on supplies/services from the USSR (erstwhile) is set up at the rate of exchange notified by the Reserve Bank of India for deferred payments including interest thereon under the protocol arrangements between the Government of India and Government of Russia. The differences due to fluctuations in the rate of exchange are charged to revenue.

3. REVENUERECOGNITION

3.1 Sale of goods:

i) Timing of recognition:

The Company recognizes revenue from sale of goods when titles to the goods have been passed on to the customer as per the terms of contract, at which time all the following conditions are satisfied:

a) the Company has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods;

b) the Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;

c) the amount of revenue can be measured reliably;

d) it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company; and

d) the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

ii) Sales on bill and hold basis:

Revenue is recognised when specified goods are unconditionally appropriated to the contract after prior Inspection and acceptance, if required and once the following conditions are met:

a) The title is transferred as per the contractual terms

b) It is probable that delivery will take place;

c) The item is on hand, identified and ready for delivery to the buyer at the time when the sale is recognized;

d) The delivery is deferred based on contractual terms; and

e) The usual payment terms apply

iii) Ex-works Contract:

In case of ex-works contracts revenue is recognised when specified goods are unconditionally appropriated to the contract after prior inspection and acceptance, if required.

iv) FOR Contract:

In the case of FOR contracts sale is recognised when the goods are handed over to the carrier for transmission to the buyer after prior inspection and acceptance, if stipulated by the contract.

In the case of FOR destination contracts revenue is recognised once the goods reach the destination.

v) Multiple elements:

In cases where the installation and commissioning or any other separately identifiable component is stipulated and price for the same agreed separately, the Company applies the recognition criteria to separately identifiable components of the transaction and allocates the revenue to those separate components.

In case of a bundled contract, where separate fee for installation and commissioning or any other separately identifiable component is not stipulated, the Company applies the recognition criteria to separately

identifiable components of the transaction and allocates the revenue to those separate components based their relative fair values.

vi) Customer financed assets:

The assets received from customers free of cost are recognized initially at fair value. The corresponding revenue will be recognised as follows:

- If only one service is identified, the entity shall recognize revenue when the service is performed

- If more than one separately identifiable service is identified, the fair value of the total consideration received or receivable for the agreement is allocated to each service and the recognition criteria are then applied to each service

- If an ongoing service is identified as part of the agreement, the period over which revenue shall be recognised for that service is generally determined by the terms of the agreement with the customer

vii) Measurement of revenue:

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty, and net of returns, trade allowance, rebates, but exclusive of value added taxes, service tax, goods and service tax and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

viii) Construction contract:

Contract revenue includes initial amount agreed in the contract and any variation in contract work, claims and incentive payments, to the extent it is probable that they will result in revenue and can be measured reliably. Contract revenue is recognized in proportion to the stage of completion of the contract. Stage of completion is assessed based on ratio of actuals costs incurred on the contract up to the reporting date to the estimated total costs expected to complete the contract.

If the outcome cannot be estimated reliably and where it is probable that the costs will be recovered, revenue is recognized to the extent costs incurred. An expected loss on construction contract is recognized as an expense immediately when it is probable that the total contract costs will exceed the total contract revenue.

3.2 Sale of services:

i) Timing of recognition:

Revenue from services is recognised in the accounting period in which the end of the reporting period as a proportion of the total services to be provided (percentage of completion method).

ii) Measurement of revenue:

Estimates of revenues, costs or extent of progress toward completion are revised if circumstances change. Any resulting increases or decreases in estimated revenues or costs are reflected in profit or loss in the period in which the circumstances that give rise to the revision become known by management.

iii) Price escalation:

In case of contracts where additional considerations is to be determined and approved by the customers, such additional revenue is recognized on receipt of confirmation from customer(s). Where break up prices of sub units are not provided for, the same are estimated.

iv) Interest income:

Interest income from a financial asset is recognised when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to that asset’s net carrying amount on initial recognition.

v) Dividend:

Dividend income is recognized when the Company’s right to receive the payment is established.

4. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

4.1 Grants from the government are recognized at their fair value where there is reasonable assurance that grant will be received and the Company will comply with all attached conditions.

4.2 Government grants relating to income are deferred and recognized in the profit and loss over the period necessary to match them with the costs that they are intended to compensate and presented within other income.

4.3 Grants related to non-depreciable assets may also require the fulfilment of certain obligations and would then be recognised in profit or loss over the periods that bear the cost of meeting the obligations.

4.4 Government Grants received either as subsidy or otherwise for acquisition of depreciable assets are accounted as deferred income. If the grant/subsidy is absolute, amount corresponding to the depreciation is treated as income over the life of the asset. If the grant/subsidy is attached with any conditions, such as repayment, income is accounted as per the terms of the grant/subsidy.

5. INCOME TAX

5.1 The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rates adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

5.2 Current tax:

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period in the countries where the Company operates and generates taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

5.3 Deferred tax:

i) Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognized if they arise from initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred income tax is also not accounted for if it arises from the initial recognition of asset or liability in a transaction other than business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting profit nor the taxable profit (tax loss). Deferred income tax is determined using the tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax assets is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

ii) Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses. Deferred tax asset is also recognised for the indexation benefit on land available for taxation purpose since it results in a temporary difference.

iii) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the liability simultaneously.

iv) Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to the items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly equity, respectively.

6. LEASES

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or operating lease.

6.1 As a lessee

i) Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Company, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at the lease’s inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in the borrowings or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and the finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the profit and loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of liability for each period.

ii) Leases in which a significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company as a lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to profit or loss on a straight line basis over the period of lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor’s expected inflationary costs increases.

6.2 As a lessor

Lease income from operating leases where the Company is a lessor is recognized in income on a straight line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line withexpected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary costs increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

7. INVENTORIES

7.1 Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.The cost of raw material,components and stores are assigned by using the actual weighted average cost formula and those in transit at cost to date.In the case of stock-in-trade and work-in-progress,cost includes material,labour and related production overheads.

7.2 Stationery, uniforms, welfare consumables, medical and canteen stores are charged off to revenue at the time of receipt.

7.3 Raw-materials, Components, Construction Materials, Loose Tools and Stores and Spare Parts declared surplus/ unserviceable/ redundant are charged to revenue.

7.4 Provision for redundancy is made in respect of closing inventory of Raw materials and Components, and Construction Materials non-moving for more than 5 years. Besides, where necessary, adequate provision is made for redundancy of such inventory in respect of completed/ specific projects and other surplus/ redundant materials pending transfer to salvage stores.

8. FINANCIALINSTRUMENTS

8.1 Financial Assets:

All financial assets are recognised on trade date when the purchase of a financial asset is under a contract whose term requires delivery of the financial asset within the timeframe established by the market concerned. Financial assets are initially measured at fair value, plus transaction costs, except for those financial assets which are classified as at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL) at inception. All recognised financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value.

i) Classification of financial assets:

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

- those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and

- those measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit or loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the Company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income. The Company reclassifies debt investments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.

ii) Measurement:

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.

Financial assets with embedded derivatives are considered in their entirety when determining whether their cash flows are solely payment of principal and interest.

a) Debt instruments

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. The Company classifies its debt instruments as:

(a)(i) Amortised cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortised cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognised in profit or loss when the asset is derecognised or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

(a)(ii) Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI): Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets’ cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI). Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognised in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss and recognised in other gains/(losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

(a)(iii) Fair value through profit or loss: Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortised cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognised in profit or loss and presented net in the statement of profit and loss within other gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

b) Equity instruments

(b)(i) The Company subsequently measures all equity investments at fair value. Where the Company’s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss. Dividends from such investments are recognised in profit or loss as other income when the Company’s right to receive payments is established.

(b)(ii) Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are recognised in other gain/(losses) in the statement of profit and loss. Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately from other changes in fair value.

(iii) Impairment of financial assets:

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortised cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognised from initial recognition of the receivables.

Time barred dues from the government / government departments / government companies are generally not considered as increase in credit risk of such financial asset.

(iv) Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognized only when

- The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flow from the financial asset or

- retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial assets, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay cash flows to one or more recipients Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognised if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognised to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

v) Trade receivables:

Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for goods sold or services performed in the ordinary course of business. If collection is expect to be collected within a period of 12 months or less from the reporting date (or in the normal operating cycle of the business if longer), they are classified as current assets otherwise as non-current assets.

Trade receivables are measured at their transaction price unless it contains a significant financing component in accordance with Ind AS 18 (or when the entity applies the practical expedient) or pricing adjustments embedded in the contract.

Loss allowance for expected life time credit loss is recognised on initial recognition.

8.2 Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Company

Classification

Debt and equity instruments are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement.

i) Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recognised at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

ii) Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities, including borrowings, are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs. Financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, with interest expense recognised on an effective yield basis.

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

iii) Trade and other payables

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Company. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities if payment is due within 12 months after the reporting period otherwise as non-current. They are recognized initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

iv) Derivatives

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The derivatives that are not designated as hedges are accounted for at fair value through profit and loss and are included in other gains/ (losses).

a) Embedded derivatives

Derivatives embedded in a host contract that is an asset within the scope of Ind AS 109 are not separated. Financial Assets with embedded derivatives are considered in their entirety when determining whether their cash flows are solely payment of principal and interest.

Derivatives embedded in all other host contract are separated only if economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivatives are not closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract and are measured at fair value through profit and loss. Embedded derivatives closely related to the host contract are not separated.

b) Embedded foreign currency derivatives Embedded foreign currency derivatives are not separated from the host contract if they are closely related. Such embedded derivatives are closely related to the host contract, if the host contract is not leveraged, does not contain any option feature and requires payments in one of the following currencies:

- The functional currency of any substantial party to that contract,

- The currency in which the price of the related good or service that is acquired or delivered is routinely denominated in commercial transactions around the world,

- A currency that is commonly used in contracts to purchase or sell non-financial items in the economic environment in which the transaction takes place (i.e. relatively liquid and stable currency)

Foreign currency embedded derivatives which do not meet the above criteria are separated and the derivative is accounted for at fair value through profit and loss.

8.3 Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the balance sheet when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

9. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts.

Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

10. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

10.1 The Company measures certain financial instruments, such as derivatives and other items in its financial statements at fair value at each balance sheet date.

10.2 All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. Derived from prices).

Level 3 - Inputs for the assets and liabilities that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

10.3 For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the Company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy.

11. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

11.1 Measurement

i) Land is capitalised at cost to the Company. Development of land such as levelling, clearing and grading is capitalised along with the cost of building in proportion to the land utilized for construction of buildings and rest of the development expenditure is capitalised along with cost of land. Development expenditure incurred for the purpose of landscaping or for any other purpose not connected with construction of any building is treated as cost of land.

ii) All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical costs includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of items.

iii) Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount and recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit and loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

iv) Where the cost of a part of the asset is significant to the total cost of the asset and useful life o the part is different from the useful life of the remaining asset, useful life of that significant part is determined separately and the significant part is depreciated on straight line method over its estimated useful life.

11.2 Depreciation method, estimated useful life and residual value:

i) Depreciation is calculated using the straight line method to allocate their cost, net of residual values, over the estimated useful life.

ii) The useful lives have been determined to be equal to those prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act; 2013.

iii) The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

11.3 Disposal

Gains and losses on disposal are determined by comparing net sale proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in statement of profit and loss.

12. INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

12.1 Licences

Separately acquired licences are shown at historical cost. They have a finite useful life and are subsequently carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses.

12.2 Computer software

a) The cost of software (which is not an integral part of the related hardware) acquired for internal use and resulting in significant future economic benefits-, is recognised as an Intangible Asset in the books of accounts when the same is ready for use. Intangible Assets that are not yet ready for their intended use as at the Balance Sheet date are classified as “Intangible Assets under Development.

b) Cost associated with maintaining of software programs are recognized as an expense as incurred.

c) Development costs that are directly attributable to the design and testing of identifiable and unique software products controlled by the Company are recognized as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:

- It is technically feasible to complete the software so that it will be available for use

- Management intends to complete the software and use or sell it

- There is an ability to use or sell the software

- It can be demonstrated how the software will generate probable future economic benefits

- Adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the software are available, and

- The expenditure attributable to the software during its development can be reliably measured.

d) Directly attributable costs that are capitalized as part of the software include employee costs and an appropriate portion of relevant overheads.

e) Capitalized development costs are recorded as intangible assets and amortized from the point at which the asset is available for use.

12.3 Research and development

Research expenditure and development expenditure that do not meet the criteria in 12.2(c) above are recognized as an expense as incurred. Development costs previously recognized as an expense are not recognized as an asset in a subsequent period.

In the event of the Company financed project(s) being foreclosed/ abandoned, the expenditure incurred up to the stage of foreclosure/ abandonment is charged off to revenue in the year of foreclosure/ abandonment.

12.4 Amortization methods and periods

The Company amortizes intangible assets with a finite useful life using the straight-line method over the following periods:

13. INVESTMENT PROPERTY:

Property that is held for long-term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both, and that is not occupied by the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalised to the asset’s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred. When part of an investment property is replaced, the carrying amount of the replacedpart is derecognised.

14. NON-CURRENT ASSETS (OR DISPOSAL GROUPS) HELD FOR SALE ANDDISCONTINUED OPERATIONS:

14.1 Non-current assets (or disposal groups) are classified as held for sale if their carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use and a sale is considered highly probable. They are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell, except for assets such as deferred tax assets, assets arising from employee benefits, financial assets and contractual rights under insurance contracts, which are specifically exempt from this requirement.

14.2 An impairment loss is recognised for any initial or subsequent write-down of the asset (or disposal group) to fair value less costs to sell. A gain is recognised for any subsequent increases in fair value less costs to sell of an asset (or disposal group), but not in excess of any cumulative impairment loss previously recognised. A gain or loss not previously recognised by the date of the sale of the noncurrent asset (or disposal group) is recognised at the date of de-recognition.

14.3 Non-current assets (including those that are part of a disposal group) are not depreciated or amortized while they are classified as held for sale. Interest and other expenses attributable to the liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale continue to be recognised.

14.4 Non-current assets classified as held for sale and the assets of a disposal group classified as held for sale are presented separately from the other assets in the balance sheet. The liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale are presented separately from other liabilities in the balance sheet.

14.5 A discontinued operation is a component of the entity that has been disposed of or is classified as held for sale and that represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations, is part of a single co-ordinated plan to dispose of such a line of business or area of operations, or is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale. The results of discontinued operations are presented separately in the statement of profit and loss.

15. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

15.1 Intangible assets that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortization and are tested annually for impairment, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that they might be impaired. Other assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

15.2 The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs ofdisposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

16. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT ASSETS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

16.1 Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. Provisions are not recognized for future operating losses.

16.2 Where there are a number of similar obligations, the likelihood that an outflow will be required in settlement is determined by considering the class of obligations as a whole. A provisions is recognized even if the likelihood of an outflow with respect to any one item included in the same class of obligations may be small.

16.3 Provisions are measured at the present value of the management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provisions due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expense.

16.4 Warranty: Warranty on goods sold, wherever applicable, commences once the sale is complete and accordingly provision for such warranty is made. The period, terms and conditions of warranty as per the relevant contract are taken into consideration while determining the provision for such sales.

16.5 Liquidated damages:

In case due date and actual date of supply of goods/ services fall in the same accounting period, Liquidated Damages (LD) is accounted for the period of delay, if any, as per the contractual terms.

In case of slippage of delivery schedule, provision in respect of LD is recognized on such slippage for the period of delay between the due date of supply of goods/ services as per the contractual terms and the expected date of supply of the said goods/ services.

Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

17. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

17.1 Short-term obligations

Liabilities for wages and salaries, including other monetary and non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees’ services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the balance sheet.

17.2 Other long term employee benefit obligations

The liability for vacation leave is not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Re-measurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in profit or loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

17.3 Post-employment obligations

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

a) Defined benefit plans such as Gratuity and contribution towards Provident Fund under the PF Act; and

b) Defined contribution plans namely Retired Employee Medical Scheme (REMI)/Post Superannuation Medical Benefit (PSMB), Death Relief Fund (DRF), Employee State Insurance Scheme (ESI) and Pension Scheme(s).

a) Defined benefit plans

The liability or assets recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligations at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss.

Re-measurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and change in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income.

Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in profit or loss as past service cost.

b) Defined contribution plans

The Company pays contributions to trusts established as per local regulations and also to publicly administered funds as per local regulations. The Company has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are accounted for as defined contribution plans and the contributions are recognized as employee benefit expense when they are due. Prepaid contributions are recognized as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available.

The Company’s contribution paid/ payable to Company approved Retired Employee Medical Scheme (REMI)/ Post superannuation Medical Benefit(PSMB), Death Relief Fund (DRF), Employee State Insurance Scheme (ESI) and Pension Scheme are charged to revenue.

17.4 Termination Benefits

Termination benefits are payable when employment is terminated by the Company before the normal retirement date, or when an employee accepts voluntary redundancy in exchange for these benefits. The Company recognizes termination benefits at the earlier of the following dates:

(a) when the Company can no longer withdraw the offer of those benefits; and (b) when the entity recognizes costs for a restructuring that is within the scope of Ind AS 37 and involves the payment of termination benefits. In the case of an offer made to encourage voluntary redundancy, the termination benefit are measured based on the number of employees expected to accept the offer. Termination Benefits falling due more than 12 months after the end of the reporting period are discounted to present value.

Compensation paid to Employees under Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of retirement.

18. CONTRIBUTED EQUITY

Equity shares are classified as equity.

Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

19. DIVIDENDS

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorized and no longer at the discretion of the entity, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period.

20. EARNINGS PER SHARE

20.1 Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing:

The profit attributable to owners of the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year, adjusted for bonus elements in equity shares issued during the year and excluding treasury shares

20.2 Diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

- The after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

- The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.